# Chapter 42: Summarizing the Equations for Light

One of the many interesting realizations derived from this new geometry is that way that it allows one to describe light. The nature of light, as has been commonly expressed, remains an enigma. It is both particle and wave. It has inertia, but can be dispersed. How can this be? Light, or more generally, electromagnetic…

# Chapter 41: The Equivalence Principle

There are many axioms that we must accept as a part of modern science including: the dual nature of light, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, the inverse squared relationship of gravity with respect to distance, and, as mentioned in the previous chapter, the Equivalence Principle. As we discussed back in Chapter 18 on Relativity, the Equivalence…

# Chapter 40: Gravity: An Exact Solution

Gravity. It is, if you listen to conventional wisdom, the force that holds the entire universe together.  It is the glue that binds us to the cosmos, the force that makes a structure out of ‘empty’ space, holding us down to the surface of our planet, keeping the planets of our solar system spinning around…

# Chapter 39: Galaxies

In the beginning, they tell us, was The Singularity. And The Singularity contained so much energy that it had to explode. And it did. And it spewed forth its energy that eventually coalesced to form photons, and then electrons and positrons, who began annihilating each other at an alarming rate and turning back into energy…

# Chapter 38: Coriolis and the Euler Acceleration

There are two accelerations other than the Centrifugal force created by the motion of particles within rotating systems: Coriolis and the Euler acceleration. Coriolis is, as mentioned previously, one of those ‘fictitious forces’ that physicists don’t like to recognize but that plays a very important role in the actual happenings on our planet and in…

# Chapter 37: Hurricanes

Thanks to the hubris and willful ignorance of the world’s population in general and more specifically, the society of the United States of America, we are going to have the opportunity to study more and larger hurricanes than ever before. Since hurricanes are basically a thermal phenomenon and the planet Earth is definitely heating up,…

# Chapter 36: The Character of the Dimension

Spiral velocity, vortex flow, is quite a bit more difficult to study and understand than either Linear or Rotational velocities due to the dynamics required to maintain it, and the relatively brief time that any particular particle is experiencing the flow. To be sure, we have much less experience with it in our everyday lives.…