Chapter 43: Those Cosmic Jets

There is something almost magical about vortex flow.

It is, by necessity, volumetric. And it redirects planar inner spiral flow into a vertical, axial direction that is ‘normal’ ( perpendicular) to the original plane of rotation.

We see such flow in many locations around the universe, but the most perplexing example is that of the cosmic jets created by black holes.

Cosmic jets are basically linear structures that project from the axes of spinning black holes (Well, at least we think that they’re spinning. It could be that only the accretion disc is spinning, but that’s really a moot point). They are among the most distinctive and yet perplexing forms of matter in the universe, as they project outward from the source with incredible length and velocity in opposite directions, like beacons into the surrounding space.

But since the source of these jets is generally assumed to be a black hole, an object whose gravitational pull is strong enough to overcome and overwhelm even the energy of light, they remain quite an enigma.

Because, for or these phenomena to exist, one must ask oneself, what force can be more powerful than the gravity induced by a black hole? Somehow, a black hole, whose presence generates an irrepressible inward force is responsible for generating the power that allows these jets to escape axially at rates approaching the speed of light and travel for tens and tens of light years from their source. It’s that ‘somehow’ that we don’t really understand.

Current theory posits that a rotating black hole creates a spiral magnetic field that accelerates the particles from the rotating influx field out of plane in the fashion illustrated below:

cirx1_chandra harvard

Many questions remain. What is the mechanism that allows the jet to escape the pull of the black hole at meaningful light velocities? How can these jets be generated by a feature that, in its essence, is only gravity, since it is assumed that the charge of this object is basically balanced? How do all of the particles in the influx field become charged and thus susceptible to being influenced by a magnetic field?

While the electromagnetic force certainly has the power to create such a feature, the mechanism that would allow it to do so remains in critical doubt.

This new geometry offers a simple solution.


What we are witnessing is vortex flow. It couldn’t be more natural or predictable. The black hole induces spiral, inward flow in the planar influx filed. The incoming mass, accelerated to velocities that are a meaningful percentage of the speed of light in a rotational direction can easily overcome the gravity of the black hole since:

Frotation = mω2R

Where: F = the force created

ω = the rate of the rotation, in radians

And: ac = -2Ω x v

where: Ω = ω * direction and v is the velocity of the object.

And since: Fgravity = mg

Once ωR approaches the speed of light:

 Frotation > Fgravity

(since Frotation is a function of ω2R)


ac > Fgravity

(since ac is a function of  2Ω)

in the vicinity of the event horizon.

So, the mass rotating in this condition cannot fall in, since it has too much velocity and centripetal force, must go somewhere. And true to the rules of the Spiral dimension, the incoming mass must go out of plane. Since it contains enough energy, and hence, velocity to overcome the gravity of a black hole, it is not surprising that it can launch itself at such high velocities.

Since there is no preferred direction, the jets are seen to be on both sides of the axis of rotation.

And furthermore, as long as it remains rotating, it continues to generate the Coriolis force which keeps it moving away from the black hole, much like the lower tail of a tornado can become extremely elongated.

This is not hard to explain, and, based on the conclusions from the assumption of the three velocities as a primary measurement source. This type of feature is entirely logical, natural, consistent and predictable. What is the mystery here?

And the black hole doesn’t even need to be spinning, to create this effect, as long as the accretion disc is (although it probably helps). The accretion disc will naturally spin.

Just like water going down a drain.

So there it is: we’ve used our new, velocity based geometry to add insight into a description for gravity and cosmic jets, and to provide a justification for Dr. Einstein’s assumption that gravitational mass and inertial mass are the actually the same thing. Not a bad start. This may seem somewhat trivial to some, but in providing better explanations for some of the phenomena that have eluded us for many, many years, we’ve begun to illustrate the descriptive power that this new tool, this geometry, can provide.

These aren’t big, dramatic changes to the overall properties of matter and space as provided by the more conventional analysis because, you know, those analyses  just weren’t that wrong to begin with, just a little incomplete, like the Euclidean description of a circle; not entirely wrong, just not completely right either. A polygon is not  a true circle, no matter how many sides it might have. Likewise, a description for gravity is not correct if it does not account for the ‘spread’ that characterizes it in real space.

Although I’m working on some new applications for this theory as it applies to other rules and entities that we know, none have yet been developed to the point that they will be included here, save one more that will be discussed in the next chapter. And it’s a doozy.

But we’re about to wrap things up, and this is my last entry, my last aside as the author. The next segment published will be the final one in Dear Dr. Einstein. I’ve included an Afterword chapter after the Conclusion, but it doesn’t use the familiar voice that I’ve allowed myself in these notes. 

Thanks again for reading this.

It’s my hope that the thoughts presented here will help to change your outlook, even if it’s just a little. To question conventional thought, and to help us, collectively, break the bonds of the our rigid and antiquated way of thinking about geometry, number theory and space in general, and to help to restore a better sense of wonder an inquisitiveness into our quest to understand the universe that we inhabit.

– O. Penurmind

To get notified when new posts are up, find the author on Twitter (@O_penurmind) or Facebook.

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